In a lush Arcadian garden full of blooming flowers and freshly picked fruit, a young woman picks figs in the company of a young girl and two boys.
Everything depicted in the scene depicts and symbolizes fertility, clearly the main subject of the painting. The many ‘sub-themes’ that can be discerned in the painting must have made the work the perfect piece for conversation during the 17th century. In the visual arts, the motif of picking fruit was often used to represent the summer month of August. And, for artists this was an effective way to show off their talent in the rendering of abundances of harvested fruit in baskets and all sorts of blooming flowers. Finally, there is also an erotic connotation in the depiction of picking fruit, which must have immediately been obvious to a 17th-century beholder.
This Italian painting was created in collaboration between the two painters Abraham Brueghel and Nicola Vaccaro. This working method was not unusual in the 17th century. Antwerp-born Abraham Brueghel, a descendant of the famous Brueghels, collaborated very often with other artists, as did his ancestor Jan Brueghel.
Abraham Brueghel was the son of Jan Brueghel the Younger. He is also known as "Rhyngraef" and "Neapolitan". He was a renowned still painter of fruit and flowers but also made landscapes. At a young age, Brueghel left his native Antwerp for Italy where, in 1649, he was commissioned to work for the Sicilian prince and art collector Antonio Ruffo. After 1660, he moved to Rome and in 1671 he permanently settled in Naples. It was here that he worked together with various artists, especially figurative painters, who added staffage to his still lifes. This painting, for which he collaborated with Nicola Vaccaro, was a success, as another signed version by both artists is kept in a private collection.
The Neapolitan Nicola Vaccaro was an artist and theatre director who, as a painter, depicted various subjects on canvas. He worked together with numerous painters, such as Aniello Ascione and Andrea Belvedere, for whom he integrated staffage into still lifes and landscapes. This particular work is an excellent example of the collaboration of Vaccaro and Abraham Brueghel and their skills. It was painted sometime between 1680 and 1690.
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